Hemp CBD buffer: homeostatic regulator


Dr. Ethan Russo, neurologist, medical scientist, and former senior medical advisor at GW Pharma discusses CBD as homeostatic regulator and the endocannabinoid system in conversation with Cannabis Conversations (Project CBD).

Dr.Russo is the medical research director at Phytecs, a biotechnology company with a research focus on the endocannabinoid system. Which explains his focus on the homeostasis created by Cannabinoids.
Their aim is to target the endocannabinoid system directly to target any existing deficiencies within the body and subsequent diseases. They are also looking for non-drug herbal approaches.


  1. Homeostasis

If you want to make yourself familiar with the benefits of cannabinoids (produces NO INTOXICATION, anti-anxiety, anti-psychotic, anti-inflammatory etc.) check out this post.

So first things first, in case you are not familiar with what the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is, here we go:

Cannabinoids = from plants

Endocannabinoids = produced by mammals in their bodies

The ECS It is the body’s own cannabinoid system. Meaning, every mammal has their own receptor system for endocannabinoids and cannabinoids within their bodies as well as creates endocannabinoids within their body. Cannabinoids from plants can bind to those receptors within our bodies. Cannabinoids find receptors in the nervous and immune system.

-There are more receptors in our human brain for cannabinoids than for all other neurotransmitters together.-

So Dr. Russo states that cannabidiol is an endocannabinoid modulator and therefore a homeostatic regulator. This is the reason cannabinoids work for so many diseases which affect different parts of our bodies.

Homeostasis = state of balance and health

Bi-directional effect of CBD = CBD acts as buffer, balances either excess or deficiency in system

What he means by that is that the bi-directional effect of CBD, which always works to create a balance no matter if there is currently a deficiency or an excess, always works toward creating a homeostasis (balance and health).

CBD regulates neurotransmitter functions, it simply does so as a consequence of the imbalance.
CBD needs to be seen as a universal tool, it is not able to only fix one certain issue within our body but every issue that has arisen from an imbalance.

CBD is a regulator for any given issue within the body. Not just a specific one, which makes it incredibly versatile.

“The endocannabinoid system one of its main roles in the brain is to regulate neurotransmitter function and again, if there’s too much of one kind of neurotransmitter it will bring it down, if there’s too little it will bring it up.”

CBD can be seen as a tool within the body that does not target one specific ailment within the system but rather aims to act as a buffer tool and balance out any imbalance which creates problems in our bodies.



2. Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency

This discovery has led Dr.Russo to the clinical endocannabinoid deficiency theory.

He has found out that diseases such as migraine, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and fibromyalgia all have a characteristics in common: they all have disproportionate levels of pain although tissues look ok. Moreover, these diseases tend to occur in the same people, someone who already suffers from migranes is more likely to suffer from IBS later in life. And studies show people suffering from those diseases have endocannabinoid deficiencies.


3. Food and Cannabinoid receptors

There are food ingredients which act on cannabinoid receptors, for instance caryophellene. He makes an important point regarding already existing examples of components of common foods which impact the endocannabinoid system.

Dr. Russo states the following regarding black pepper:

“The advantage of an agent that would act on CB2 receptors would be reducing inflammation, reducing pain, but without psychoactive side effects. Now as it turns out this caryophellene is very selective there. It’s a very safe agent. This, for example, is in black pepper. It’s called GRAS by the government – not that kind of grass – rather GRAS, Generally Recognized As Safe as a food additive. So this is something with the government’s seal of approval. It’s in our diet. But more of this would certainly have a positive influence on health, particularly for people with arthritis or other kinds of chronic pain. And again, without any liability in terms of having unwanted side effects.”

Foto by Fotolia • Lukas Gojda • 72634215

4. The Entourage Effect

Another aspect mentioned by Dr.Russo is the importance of the phyto-synergy of the ingredients.

Caryophellene in black pepper is an important example of how we can deal with CBD as food. Particularly in the debate whether CBD belongs to the pharma industry or the food and beverage market.

CBD tends to get isolated through extraction these days.

Yet, Dr.Russo stresses the importance of the entourage effect and the effect the whole plant mixture has in comparison to isolated CBD molecules.

The transcript of the full interview can be found here.

Happy hemping everyone!

Sign the Medical Cannabis Declaration (MCD)


The Declaration of Human Rights for Medical Access to Cannabis and Cannabinoids states the following:

“According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the  United Nations in 1948:

“Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person”  (Article 3).

“Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the  health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food,  clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and  the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness,  disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in  circumstances beyond his control” (Article 25, Paragraph 1).

Whereas this Declaration applies to everyone and all people, whereas  many doctors are banned by legal requirements from treating their  patients with cannabis-based medicines and whereas many people cannot  afford access to cannabis-based drugs we thus declare that:

1. Every medical doctor has the right to treat his or her patients with cannabinoids and cannabis products according to the rules of  good medical care.
2. Every patient has the right to access cannabis and cannabinoids for medical treatment supervised by a medical doctor, regardless of  social status, standard of living or financial means.”


The MCD is already signed by nearly 4.700 people.


Sign the Medical Cannabis Declaration here.


Happy hemping everyone!



Hemp clothing in Hamburg – Marlowe Nature

Marlowe Nature in Hamburg Eimsbüttel (Beim Schlump 9) now also stores fashionable and ecologically friendly hemp mens wear.

Happy hemping everyone!

Hanfkleidung in Hamburg – Marlowe Nature

Marlowe Nature in Hamburg Eimsbüttel (Beim Schlump 9) führt nun auch umweltbewusste Hanfkleidung für Männer, wie fashionmag.com berichtet.

Ich freue mich über das neue Hanfkleidungsangebot in Hamburg!
Happy hemping everyone!

Hemp car – Bruce Dietzen

US American Bruce Dietzen built a car from Hemp inspired by Henry Ford.

Dietzen used a Mazd-Chassis as a base and additionally 100 pounds of hemp.

Hemp is much less prone to dents as he demonstrates in the video, when hitting the bonnet with his fist, there are no marks no nothing left.

His aim is to show and prove to everyone that we can use plants as a natural resource for anything we need to produce.

Costs for the test model are about 200.000 USD. Anyone keen to invest or learn more can contact his company Renew Sports Cars.

I am so please to see hemp advocates all over the world putting so much enthusiams and effort into showing the world all the great uses and benefits of the hemp plant.

Happy Hemping everyone!


Hanf Auto – Bruce Dietzen

Der Amerikaner Bruce Dietzen baut sich ein eigenes Auto aus Hanf. Seine Inspiration dazu war Henry Ford.

Bruce nutzte einen Mazda-Chassis als Basis und mit Hilfe von 100 Pfund Hanf und Harz wurde das Hanf Auto dann fertiggestellt.

Das Hanfmaterial ist viel resistenter und bekommt weniger leicht Beulen und Dellen als Stahl, wie in dem Video demonstriert wird wenn Bruce mit voler Wucht auf die Motorhaube haut und keinerlei Dellen zurückbleiben.

Bruce möchte mit seinem Hanf Auto zeigen, dass wir alles was wir brauchen aus Pflanzen herstellen können.

Die Kosten dür das Testmodell belaufen sich auf ca. 200.ooo USD. Interessenten werden gebeten, direkt mit Renew Kontakt aufzunehmen.

Ich freue mich immer wieder zu sehen, mit welchem Enthusiasmus Hanf Advokaten Zeit und Geld investieren um Hanf als Ressource für alle möglichen Produkte voranzubringen.

Happy Hemping everyone!


drugfree cannabis plant

Hemp and the pharmaceutical industry – and in the middle the EU

Big companies rule the the EU through lobbyism, as I can tell from own experience.

I have discovered through research that the cannabis plant, especially industrial hemp is also food and contains an extensive amount of nutrients, for instance all essential proteins and omega fatty acids.
Until now, the carriers of these valuable nutrients, namely the leaves and leafy blossoms have been wasted and simply left on the field during retting.
It was already common knowledge that industrial hemp also contains valuable health ingredients, the cannabinoids – yet never seen as food.

The pharmaceutical industry has an eye on these valuable cannabinoids and wants to make sure they are classified as a pharmaceutical and not as a freely available plant ingredient.

The pharmaceutical lobby soon began to spread the message that cannabis was a dangerous drug which if anything could only be turned into something positive and useful by the pharmaceutical industry.

Politicians who were not able to distinguish between high THC levels in marijuana and low levels of THC in industrial hemp soon began to pass everything that contained any THC whatsoever over to pharmaceutical companies.

This is how the whole legalization fight emerged – it is once again simply a matter of profit for the big pharma players.

Nobody even considered making the valuable nutrients in industrial hemp available to humans.

Only my invention brought about this idea that hemp is food. My invention is to press raw hemp juice which contains ALL healthy naturally occurring ingredients of the hemp plant to be consumed by humans.

Since the juice production also yields press remnants which contain the hard to digest fibers of the plant, nutritious cattle feed would also be an additional value created when producing the juice.

I got this invention patented in order to ensure the pharmaceutical industry would not get a hold of this new discovery and could therefore not restrict the wider general public from access to this healthy nutrition.

As a member of the European Industrial Hemp Association I sadly have to witness with many other enthusiastic hemp advocates that the the pharmaceutical industry is currently working hard on Brussels to restrict the free access and right to process industrial hemp as a food.
Their aim is to exclusively handle Cannabinoids and use it in medicine. Therefore, they are trying to get single cannabinoids patented and now claim everything that contains these patented cannabinoids, such as CBD or THC, cannot be categorised as food but as a pharmaceutical.

This claim is equally grotesque as claiming lemons could only be used as medicine due to the vitamin C they contain or tomatoes are medicine because of the glutamate they contain.

Tomatoes contain within their matrix of natural ingredients a substance called glutamic acid or glutamate, a common neurotransmitter. However, this does not make a tomato a medicinal product, or a pharmaceutical prescription drug or subject to governmental permission. Glutamate, since it was discovered in tomatoes, did not even make it a novel food. The level of glutamic acid in tomatoes is not monitored either.

It looks like bureaucrats in Brussels do not invest enough time into gathering information, hence they simply rely on information provided by the pharma lobby itself.

We would be better off if every country within the EU would decide for itself. Specialized politicians, under democratic control, would then debate a EU wide solution.

A result of this would be a more transparent process as opposed to the current process in Brussels. In which big corporations and their lobbyists are breathing down EU bureaurats necks in order to dictate that except for hemp seeds nothing else of the hemp plant shall be food for general consumption. This happens far off from any direct nation-state supervision or monitoring.

6 Gründe Hanfsamen zu essen


Image copyright©: GreenSnake®

Hanf das neue Superfood!

Warum soll man Hanfsamen essen?

Erwähnenswert erst einmal, ist die Tatsache, dass es nichts neues ist für den Menschen Nutzhanf als Lebensmittel zu konsumieren.

Rafael Dulon von Hanffarm sagte bei der EIHA 2016 Konferenz in Cologne, dass “Hanf ein Superfood ist mit einer unglaublich hohen Konzentration an essentiellen Nährstoffen, Vitaminen, Mineralien, Antioxidantien, gesunden Fetten, gesunden Enzymen, und Phytonährstoffen.” Desweiteren betonte er die “Abwesenheit von künstlichen Inhaltsstoffen, Hormonen, Pestiziden, Chemikalien, Giftstoffe, Cholesterol, oder ungesunden Fetten in Nutzhanf.”

Nutzhanf steckt voller guter Inhaltsstoffe und anders als sein Verwandter Marihuana bekommt man durch Nutzhanf kein “High” denn er enthält THC Werte unter 0,2%, wirkt also nicht psychoaktiv.

Ansonsten enthält er jedoch genau die selben heilsamen und wohltuenden Eigenschaften,  wie bereits zusammengefasst in einem früheren Artikel.

Hanfsamen (manchmal auch Hanfnüsse genannt) stecken voller für den Menschen wichtige Inhaltsstoffe wie zum Beispiel:

Alle 20 Amino Säuren, inklusive der für den Menschen essentiellen 9, Ballaststoffe, essentielle Fettsäuren wie omega 3 und 6, Vitamine, Mineralien, Folsäuren und Eisen.

1. Ballaststoffenquelle – Verdauungssystem

Hanfsamen sind eine Quelle für Ballaststoffe, die für ein funktionierendes Verdauungssystem sehr wichtig sind und von denen wir leider heutzutage viel zu wenig zu uns nehmen. Ich kann aus eigener Erfahrung sagen, dass ich einen signifikanten Unterschied merke in meiner Verdauung wenn ich Hanfsamen oder andere Hanfprodukte gegessen habe.

2. Proteinquelle – Gesundheit der Muskeln

Hanfsamen sind eine wunderbare Proteinquelle, auch für Veganer und Vegetarier. Proteine sind für uns wichtig für die Reparatur sowie der Aufbau der Muskeln. Marlena sagt: “Als Läuferin würde ich inzwischen nicht mehr auf meinen Hanfproteinpulver oder GreenSnake® Hanfsaft nach dem Lauf verzichten wollen.” Hanf hat eine entzündungshemmende Wirkung (Muskelkater!) und die Proteine helfen mit dem Muskelaufbau sowie Reparatur.

3. Fettsäurenquelle – Immunsystem und Zellgesundheit 

Hanf enthält viel Omega-3 und Omega-6 Fettsäuren, die dafür verantwortlich sind die Zellen im Körper mit Sauerstoff zu versorgen. Mehr Sauerstoff in den Zellen bedeutet gesündere besser funktionierende Zellen, dies wiederrum heißt wir sind weniger angreifbar für Virusinfektionen o.Ä. da unser Immunsystem stärker ist.

4. Fettsäurenquelle – Entzündungshemmend

Hanfsamen enthalten doppelt so viele Omega-6 Fettsäuren wie Omega-3 Fettsäuren. Dieses Verhältnis ist perfekt um im Körper entzündungshemmend zu wirken.

5. Fettsäurenquelle – Reguliert Blutzuckerwerte und Energielevel

Die Kombination von gesunden Fettsäuren und Ballaststoffen helfen dem Körper Blutzuckerwerte zu regulieren. Dies wiederrum führt zu ausgeglichenen Energielevels, ohne Energietief.

6. Essentielle Fettsäurenquelle – Mindert Cholesterolwerte

Hohe Anteile von gesunden Fetten sorgen für niedrigere Werte von ungesunden Fetten und helfen außerdem Cholesterolwerte zu reduzieren.

Hanfsamen sind übrigens auch wundervoll für Allergiker geeignet, da sie keine Laktose oder Gluten beinhalten und keine Allergien auf Hanfsamen bekannt sind. Also alle die sonst auf Nüsse verzichten müssen, können hier Ihren Nusshunger stillen!

Zu kaufen gibt es die kleinen Wunderbomben bereits in den meisten Reformhäusern, Biomärkten und im Internet. Es gibt Hanfsamen entwerder natürlich und ganz, oder als geschälte Hanfsamen, bei denen die Ballaststoffreiche Hanfsamenhülle entfernt wurde.

Hanfsamen sind vor allem geröstet köstlich!

Falls Ihr noch mehr eigene Erfahrungswerte habt mit den wohltuenden Wirkungen von Hanfsamen oder andere Hanfprodukten, lasst es uns wissen!


Happy hemping everyone!

Continuous growth of the European hemp industry

Nova Institut

EIHA 2016 conference in Cologne, Wesseling. Picture: nova-Institut©

Continuous growth of the European hemp industry

Immense demand for hemp as a food and pharmaceutical

The industrial association „European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA)“ presents the newest data on hemp cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and flowers. From the year 2011 to 2015 the cultivation area in the European Union more than tripled to 25,000 ha.

The cultivation of industrial hemp was legalised in most EU member states between 1993 and 1996.

Hemp is a multi-purpose crop, delivering fibres, leaves, shivs and seeds.

  • Hemp Juice contains all the important naturally occuring ingredients of the hemp plant in the original shape as present in the hemp plant itself.This is due to the fact that the juice pressing procedure simply separates all the fluid in the plant from the press cake, so separated solids and fluids.This is necessary because the hemp plant is very high in fiber which makes processing the whole plant in a blender a lot less suitable for human consumption as it will upset the human stomach quite a lot as the fibers are not easily digestable.

    So the result of the juice pressing is a hemp juice which contains all the ingredients of the hemp plant in an entourage effect if pressed with the patented GreenSnake® hemp juice procedure. The hemp juice contains up to 300mg of CBD per 100 ml juice, this equals 11 kg CBD per 1ha industrial hemp.

    The juice and the press cake contain all Cannabinoids of the hemp plant, not just CBD.

    Moreover, the juice pressing procedure produces a press cake which can be further used for instance to produce CBD extracts, hemp protein powder or animal feed.

    This press cake contains an additional 6kg CBD per 1 ha industrial hemp.

  • Hemp fibers can be used for hemp paper and hemp insulation material.
  • Hemp shivs (woody inner core of the stem) can be used as animal bedding or for hempcrete as building material.
  • Hemp seeds (or hemp nuts) can be eaten raw or toasted, or be pressed into hemp seed oil or used as animal feed. Hemp seeds are already being praised as new super food.

The new report  „The European Hemp Industry: Cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and flowers” portrays the development of the European industrial hemp industry between 2010 and 2013.In 2015 Europe had 25.000 ha of hemp, still will increase even further. Main growers so far are France, the Netehrlands as well as Romania.

Many of the new EU member states are putting a particular focus on industrial hemp as an economic booster, especially for the trade of hemp seeds. Hemp seed production rose by 92 % between 2010 and 2013. Production of flowers and leaves rose even more by a staggering 3.000 % in the same time. This is in contrast to fiber and shivs which do not show any significant rise in growth or use between 2010 and 2013.

The report “The European Hemp Industry: Cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and flowers” was presented for the first time at the “13th International Conference of the European Industrial Hemp Association”, 1 – 2 June 2016, Wesseling near Cologne (Germany), the meeting point of the hemp industry worldwide (www.eiha-conference.org). More than 295 participants from 41 countries are expected.


We are very pleased about the ever-growing hemp industry!


German version of this post available here – Deutsche Version dieses Artikels hier zu finden.


Happy hemping everyone!


Hanfnah in Lahr!

Bildschirmfoto 2016-05-17 um 14.17.37

Tobias Pietsch hat im November 2015 in der Werderstraße 28 in Lahr im Schwarzwald seinen Hanfladen Hanfnah eröffnet.

Keine Sorge, es handelt sich ausschließlich um Nutzhanf, also alles komplett legal! (Schade aber wahr, dass dies noch immer explizit erwähnt werden muss…)

500 Hanfprodukte gibt es zur Auswahl bei Hanfnah, die üblichen gängigen Produkte, Hanftee, Hanfsamen, Hanfschokolade, Hanfkekse, Hanfproteinpulver, Hanfschuhe, Hanftaschen, Hanfkleidung, CBD Extrakte, Hanfkosmetik wie Hanfseife, Hanfcremes, etc. Man kann aus Hanf halt wirklich unglaublich viel produzieren, Kleidung, Papier, Baumaterial, Treibstoffe, Autoteile, Lebensmittel, Tierfutter und vieles mehr.

“Hanf ist eine sehr genügsame Pflanze, die auf jedem Boden gedeiht, und kaum anfällig für Schädlinge oder Krankheiten ist und es sind keine Pestizide und Herbizide notwendig”.

“Der medizinische Nutzen sei längst erwiesen, zum Beispiel bei Neurodermitis oder Arthritis. Pietsch zeigt ein Vorher-Nachher-Bild seiner behandelten Hände. “Ein Esslöffel Hanföl entspricht dem Omega 3,6,9-Fettsäure-Anteil von einem Kilo Wildlachs”, wirbt Pietsch für Hanf auch als Lebensmittel, ob Pesto, Bratlinge, Brotaufstriche, Öl, Mehl oder Milch.”

Hanfnah, Werderstraße 28, E-Mail hanfnah@gmx.de; http://www.hanfnah.de und www.facebook.com/hanfnah ; Öffnungszeiten: Montag, Dienstag und Freitag 11 bis 18.30 Uhr, Mittwoch 11 bis 14 Uhr, Donnerstag 11 bis 20 Uhr, Samstag 10 bis 15 Uhr.


Wir freuen uns über jeden Laden, der den Menschen Hanfprodukte näher bringt und sie weit verbreiteter erhältlich macht.


Happy hemping everyone!