Hemp CBD buffer: homeostatic regulator


Dr. Ethan Russo, neurologist, medical scientist, and former senior medical advisor at GW Pharma discusses CBD as homeostatic regulator and the endocannabinoid system in conversation with Cannabis Conversations (Project CBD).

Dr.Russo is the medical research director at Phytecs, a biotechnology company with a research focus on the endocannabinoid system. Which explains his focus on the homeostasis created by Cannabinoids.
Their aim is to target the endocannabinoid system directly to target any existing deficiencies within the body and subsequent diseases. They are also looking for non-drug herbal approaches.


  1. Homeostasis

If you want to make yourself familiar with the benefits of cannabinoids (produces NO INTOXICATION, anti-anxiety, anti-psychotic, anti-inflammatory etc.) check out this post.

So first things first, in case you are not familiar with what the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is, here we go:

Cannabinoids = from plants

Endocannabinoids = produced by mammals in their bodies

The ECS It is the body’s own cannabinoid system. Meaning, every mammal has their own receptor system for endocannabinoids and cannabinoids within their bodies as well as creates endocannabinoids within their body. Cannabinoids from plants can bind to those receptors within our bodies. Cannabinoids find receptors in the nervous and immune system.

-There are more receptors in our human brain for cannabinoids than for all other neurotransmitters together.-

So Dr. Russo states that cannabidiol is an endocannabinoid modulator and therefore a homeostatic regulator. This is the reason cannabinoids work for so many diseases which affect different parts of our bodies.

Homeostasis = state of balance and health

Bi-directional effect of CBD = CBD acts as buffer, balances either excess or deficiency in system

What he means by that is that the bi-directional effect of CBD, which always works to create a balance no matter if there is currently a deficiency or an excess, always works toward creating a homeostasis (balance and health).

CBD regulates neurotransmitter functions, it simply does so as a consequence of the imbalance.
CBD needs to be seen as a universal tool, it is not able to only fix one certain issue within our body but every issue that has arisen from an imbalance.

CBD is a regulator for any given issue within the body. Not just a specific one, which makes it incredibly versatile.

“The endocannabinoid system one of its main roles in the brain is to regulate neurotransmitter function and again, if there’s too much of one kind of neurotransmitter it will bring it down, if there’s too little it will bring it up.”

CBD can be seen as a tool within the body that does not target one specific ailment within the system but rather aims to act as a buffer tool and balance out any imbalance which creates problems in our bodies.



2. Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency

This discovery has led Dr.Russo to the clinical endocannabinoid deficiency theory.

He has found out that diseases such as migraine, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and fibromyalgia all have a characteristics in common: they all have disproportionate levels of pain although tissues look ok. Moreover, these diseases tend to occur in the same people, someone who already suffers from migranes is more likely to suffer from IBS later in life. And studies show people suffering from those diseases have endocannabinoid deficiencies.


3. Food and Cannabinoid receptors

There are food ingredients which act on cannabinoid receptors, for instance caryophellene. He makes an important point regarding already existing examples of components of common foods which impact the endocannabinoid system.

Dr. Russo states the following regarding black pepper:

“The advantage of an agent that would act on CB2 receptors would be reducing inflammation, reducing pain, but without psychoactive side effects. Now as it turns out this caryophellene is very selective there. It’s a very safe agent. This, for example, is in black pepper. It’s called GRAS by the government – not that kind of grass – rather GRAS, Generally Recognized As Safe as a food additive. So this is something with the government’s seal of approval. It’s in our diet. But more of this would certainly have a positive influence on health, particularly for people with arthritis or other kinds of chronic pain. And again, without any liability in terms of having unwanted side effects.”

Foto by Fotolia • Lukas Gojda • 72634215

4. The Entourage Effect

Another aspect mentioned by Dr.Russo is the importance of the phyto-synergy of the ingredients.

Caryophellene in black pepper is an important example of how we can deal with CBD as food. Particularly in the debate whether CBD belongs to the pharma industry or the food and beverage market.

CBD tends to get isolated through extraction these days.

Yet, Dr.Russo stresses the importance of the entourage effect and the effect the whole plant mixture has in comparison to isolated CBD molecules.

The transcript of the full interview can be found here.

Happy hemping everyone!

Sign the Medical Cannabis Declaration (MCD)


The Declaration of Human Rights for Medical Access to Cannabis and Cannabinoids states the following:

“According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the  United Nations in 1948:

“Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person”  (Article 3).

“Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the  health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food,  clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and  the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness,  disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in  circumstances beyond his control” (Article 25, Paragraph 1).

Whereas this Declaration applies to everyone and all people, whereas  many doctors are banned by legal requirements from treating their  patients with cannabis-based medicines and whereas many people cannot  afford access to cannabis-based drugs we thus declare that:

1. Every medical doctor has the right to treat his or her patients with cannabinoids and cannabis products according to the rules of  good medical care.
2. Every patient has the right to access cannabis and cannabinoids for medical treatment supervised by a medical doctor, regardless of  social status, standard of living or financial means.”


The MCD is already signed by nearly 4.700 people.


Sign the Medical Cannabis Declaration here.


Happy hemping everyone!



drugfree cannabis plant

Hemp and the pharmaceutical industry – and in the middle the EU

Big companies rule the the EU through lobbyism, as I can tell from own experience.

I have discovered through research that the cannabis plant, especially industrial hemp is also food and contains an extensive amount of nutrients, for instance all essential proteins and omega fatty acids.
Until now, the carriers of these valuable nutrients, namely the leaves and leafy blossoms have been wasted and simply left on the field during retting.
It was already common knowledge that industrial hemp also contains valuable health ingredients, the cannabinoids – yet never seen as food.

The pharmaceutical industry has an eye on these valuable cannabinoids and wants to make sure they are classified as a pharmaceutical and not as a freely available plant ingredient.

The pharmaceutical lobby soon began to spread the message that cannabis was a dangerous drug which if anything could only be turned into something positive and useful by the pharmaceutical industry.

Politicians who were not able to distinguish between high THC levels in marijuana and low levels of THC in industrial hemp soon began to pass everything that contained any THC whatsoever over to pharmaceutical companies.

This is how the whole legalization fight emerged – it is once again simply a matter of profit for the big pharma players.

Nobody even considered making the valuable nutrients in industrial hemp available to humans.

Only my invention brought about this idea that hemp is food. My invention is to press raw hemp juice which contains ALL healthy naturally occurring ingredients of the hemp plant to be consumed by humans.

Since the juice production also yields press remnants which contain the hard to digest fibers of the plant, nutritious cattle feed would also be an additional value created when producing the juice.

I got this invention patented in order to ensure the pharmaceutical industry would not get a hold of this new discovery and could therefore not restrict the wider general public from access to this healthy nutrition.

As a member of the European Industrial Hemp Association I sadly have to witness with many other enthusiastic hemp advocates that the the pharmaceutical industry is currently working hard on Brussels to restrict the free access and right to process industrial hemp as a food.
Their aim is to exclusively handle Cannabinoids and use it in medicine. Therefore, they are trying to get single cannabinoids patented and now claim everything that contains these patented cannabinoids, such as CBD or THC, cannot be categorised as food but as a pharmaceutical.

This claim is equally grotesque as claiming lemons could only be used as medicine due to the vitamin C they contain or tomatoes are medicine because of the glutamate they contain.

Tomatoes contain within their matrix of natural ingredients a substance called glutamic acid or glutamate, a common neurotransmitter. However, this does not make a tomato a medicinal product, or a pharmaceutical prescription drug or subject to governmental permission. Glutamate, since it was discovered in tomatoes, did not even make it a novel food. The level of glutamic acid in tomatoes is not monitored either.

It looks like bureaucrats in Brussels do not invest enough time into gathering information, hence they simply rely on information provided by the pharma lobby itself.

We would be better off if every country within the EU would decide for itself. Specialized politicians, under democratic control, would then debate a EU wide solution.

A result of this would be a more transparent process as opposed to the current process in Brussels. In which big corporations and their lobbyists are breathing down EU bureaurats necks in order to dictate that except for hemp seeds nothing else of the hemp plant shall be food for general consumption. This happens far off from any direct nation-state supervision or monitoring.

drugfree cannabis plant

Hanf und die Pharmaindustrie – mittendrin die EU

Ich kann aus eigener Erfahrung bestätigen, dass die großen Konzerne die EU “regieren”.
Mein Fall: ich habe durch Forschung herausgefunden, dass die Pflanze Cannabis bzw. der drogenfreie Hanf als Lebensmittel sehr viele wichtige Nährstoffe enthält. z.B. alle Proteine.
Bisher waren die Träger dieser wertvollen Inhaltsstoffe, die Blätter und oberen Blütenstände auf dem Feld geblieben – verschwendet. Es war schon bekannt, dass auch im drogenfreien Hanf außerdem sehr wertvolle Gesundheitsstoffe sind, die Cannabinoide – jedoch nicht als Lebensmittel.

Die Pharmaindustrie hatte bereits ihre Hände darauf gelegt und wollte Cannabinoide nicht frei zugänglich den Menschen überlassen. Ihre Lobby Maschinerie setzte bald in die Welt, Cannabis, das sei eine gefährliche Droge, aus der allenfalls die Pharmaindustrie etwas Gutes machen könne.
Die Politiker, die den Unterschied zwischen hohen THC Gehalten im Cannabis und niedrigen THC Gehalten im Hanf nicht zu unterscheiden wußten, fingen plötzlich an, alles, was THC enthält der Pharmaindustrie zu überlassen. Deshalb der ganze Legalisierungskampf, es geht mal wieder ums Geld für die Großkonzerne.

Niemand kümmerte sich darum, die Nährstoffe aus dem Industriehanf (im Gegensatz zum High produzierenden Cannabis) für den Menschen zugänglich zu machen. Erst meine Erfindung machte das möglich. Aus dem Hanf den Saft zu pressen, in dem ALLE Inhaltsstoffe die Nahrung und auch die anderen gesunden Stoffe enthalten ist.
Als Pressreste mit den schwerverdaulichen Ballaststoffen blieb auch für die Kühe etwas Nahrhaftes übrig.

Diese Erfindung ließ ich patentieren, ich wollte sie auf keinen Fall der Pharmaindustrie überlassen. Ich bin Mitglied der EIHA, der Europäischen Industrie-Hanf Association. Zusammen mit anderen, die den Nährwert des Hanfes unter die Menschen bringen wollen, müssen wir feststellen, dass in Brüssel die Pharmaindustrie dabei ist, uns den freien Zugang zur Nahrungs-Verwertung von Industrie-Hanf zu verbauen. Nur sie will die Cannabinoide zu Medizin verarbeiten können.

Die Pharmaindustrie will ein einzelnes Cannabinoid patentieren lassen und behauptet nun, überall wo dieses Cannabinoid drin sei, handele es sich nicht um Nahrung, sondern um Medizin.Das ist genauso schwachsinnig wie zu behaupten, die Zitronen dürften nur noch zu Medizin verarbeitet werden, weil sie Vitamin C enthalten, oder die Tomaten seien Medizin, weil sie Glutamat enthalten.

Doch die Brüsseler Bürokraten scheinen es zu verpassen sich schlau zu machen und verlassen sich nur allzu gerne auf die Einflüsterungen der Pharmalobby. Das wäre so gar nicht möglich, wenn wir in jedem Land einzeln die Bestimmungen machten. Die Fachpolitiker aus allen Ländern können sich ja dann miteinander eine gemeinsame Europäische Lösung überlegen.
Das wäre transparenter als der undemokratische Brüsseler Apparat, in dem fernab jeder direkten Länderkontrolle die Einflussnahme der Lobbyisten blüht, weil nur die Großkonzerne den EU Markt bestimmen wollen und ihn somit einfach kaufen.

Kontinuierliches Wachstum der europäischen Hanfindustrie

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EIHA 2016 Konferenz in Köln, Wesseling. Picture: nova-Institut©

Kontinuierliches Wachstum der europäischen Hanfindustrie

Hanf als Lebensmittel und pharmazeutisches Mittel besonders begehrt

Die „European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA)“ legt die aktuellen Daten zu Anbau, Verarbeitung und Anwendungen von Fasern, Schäben, Samen und Blüten vor. Von 2011 bis 2015 habe sich die Anbauflächen in der Europäischen Union auf 25.000 ha mehr als verdreifacht laut EIHA.

Nutzhanf wurde in den meisten EU-Mitgliedsstaaten zwischen 1993 und 1996 legalisiert.

Hanf ist eine vielseitige Nutzpflanze, die Fasern, Schäben, Blätter, und Samen liefert.

  • Hanfsaft enthält alle wichtigen in der Pflanze vorkommenden Nährstoffe in ihrer natürlichen Form, denn der Pressvorgang zur Saftgewinnung entzieht der Pflanze lediglich alle Superfoodkomponenten und trennt Festmasse (Fasern) von Flüssigmasse (Saft).Diese Trennung ist wichtig, denn Hanffasern können teilweise schwer verdaulich sein für den menschlichen Körper, weshalb herkömmliches in den Mixer schmeißen bei Hanf nicht wirklich funktioniert.Was bei der Saftpressung übrig bleibt ist ein Superfood Hanfsaft mit Entourage Effekt, der es in sich hat, mit bis zu 300mg CBD pro 100ml (GreenSnake®), 11 kg CBD pro 1 ha Nutzhanf.

    Der Saft und der Presskuchen/Pressreste beinhalten alle Cannabinoide der Hanfpflanze, nicht nur CBD.

    Außerdem fallen Pressreste bei der Saftherstellung an, die weitergenutzt werden können zur Extraktgewinnung, Hanfölgewinnung, Hanfproteinpulver oder Tierfutter.

    Die Pressreste enthalten weitere 6kg CBD per 1 ha Industriehanf.


  • Fasern können für Hanfpapiere oder als Hanf Dämmstoffe verwendet werden.


  • Schäben (holzige Kern der Stängel) können als Tierstreu oder für Hempcrete (Baumaterial) verwendet werden.


Der neue Report „The European Hemp Industry: Cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and flowers” zeigt die Entwicklung der europäischen Nutzhanfindustrie von 2010 bis 2013.Die Anbaufläche von Nutzhanf in Europa betrug 2015 25.000 ha, Tendenz steigend. Hauptanbaugebiete sind Frankreich, Niederlande sowie Rumänien.

Viele neuere EU-Staaten legen einen Fokus auf Nutzhanf Anbau, besonders zur Produktion von Hanfsamen, die Produktion von Samen in der EU stieg zwischen 2010 und 2013 um 92 %. Die Produktion von Blüten und Blättern stieg sogar um 3.000 % im selben Zeitraum, während Fasern und Schäben keine signifikanten Unterschiede in Volumen und Nutzung zwischen 2010 und 2013 zeigen. Blüten zur CBD-Herstellung verschafften Hanfbauern im Jahr 2013 einen erheblichen Zusatzgewinn.

Der Report „The European Hemp Industry: Cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and flowers” wurde erstmals auf der internationalen Nutzhanf-Konferenz „13th International Conference of the European Industrial Hemp Association“ vorgestellt, die vom 1. bis 2. Juni in Wesseling bei Köln stattgefunden hat (www.eiha-conference.org). Die Konferenz ist der Treffpunkt der weltweiten Hanfindustrie, es haben über 295 Teilnehmer aus 41 Ländern teilgenommen.


Wir freuen uns über die stetig wachsende Hanfindustrie!

English version of this post available here – Englische Version dieses Artikels hier zu finden.

Happy hemping everyone!


6 reasons why you should eat hemp seeds

So everyone is raging about a new superfood: hemp.

Other than medical marijuana, the industrial hemp plant contains THC levels below 0.2% which makes it a non-psychoactive plant. However, it still contains all the positive aspects marijuana has without experiencing a “high”.

Firstly, it is not a novelty for humans to consume the industrial hemp plant as a food.

Rafael Dulon from Hanffarm states at the EIHA 2016 conference in Cologne that “hemp is a superfood with an extremely dense concentration of vital nutrients, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, healthy fats, healthy enzymes, additional phytonutrients.” He also mentioned “the absence of artificial ingredients, hormones, pesticides, chemicals, toxins, cholesterol, or bad fats in industrial hemp.”

Industrial hemp seeds are high in plant based proteins, contain all 20 amino acids including all nine essential amino acids, is high in fiber, essential fatty acids omega 6 and 3, vitamins, minerals, folates and iron.



Image copyright©: GreenSnake®

1. Source of fiber – Digestive health

Hemp seeds are a great source of dietary fiber which is important for our digestive system and most of us are lacking sufficient fiber in our contemporary diets. I can immediately notice the difference in my bowel movements when consuming hemp seeds.

2. Source of protein – Muscle health

Hemp is a great natural source of protein, suited for vegans and vegetarians as well. It is loaded with protein which we need for repairing and building muscles. Marlena says: “As a runner myself I can tell you I would not want to miss out on my post-workout hemp protein powder or GreenSnake® Hemp Juice boost.”

3. Source of fatty acids – Immune system cell health

Hemp is high in omega 3 and 6 fatty acids which distribute oxygen to cells in our body, more oxygen equals more productive and healthy cells to fight off infections and viruses.

4. Source of fatty acids – Anti-inflammatory

Hemp seeds contain twice as much omega 6 fatty acids as omega 3. This is an ideal ratio to lower inflammation in the body.

5. Source of healthy fats and fiber – Regulates blood sugar levels – Sustained energy levels

The combination of healthy fats and fibers in hemp seeds helps the body regulate blood sugar levels naturally which prevents heart disease etc. This also leads to increased and better maintained energy levels without lows.

6. Source of essential fatty acids -Lowers bad cholesterol levels

High levels of healthy fatty acids in hemp seeds reduce intake of unhealthy fats and also help break down cholesterol.

Hemp seeds are also great for anyone with nut allergies, as they can eat them without any issues. There are no allergies know to hemp seeds whatsoever.

Hemp seeds are available in most health food stores and organic food stores as well as online. They are either whole hemp seeds or hulled hemp seeds without the fiber loaded outer shell of the hemp seeds. They taste delicious when roasted.

Let us know if you have more benefits to add or can share stories about your farvourite hemp food products!


Happy hemping everyone!



—Eilmeldung/Breaking— Cannabis XXL Munich – Messe abgesagt / trade fair cancelled

Bildschirmfoto 2016-06-15 um 11.09.20The Cannabis XXL trade fair in Munich has officially been cancelled by the organisers as stated on their facebook page.

“Der Termin der nächsten Cannabis XXL Messe in München wird auf den 7.
bis 9. Juli 2017 verschoben. In 2017 wollen wir uns auch speziell der
Bundestagswahl widmen.
Die Messe in 2016 fällt aus.”

Cannabis XXL was meant to take place 8th until 10th July 2016.

The new dates are 7th-9th July 2017.

Exhibitor booking forms for next year are available on their facebook page.



We hope none of you are too inconvenienced by the cancellation.


Check out all the other European hemp trade fairs coming up this year!


Happy hemping everyone!

The Big Seven – European Hemp Trade Fairs 2016

The Big Seven

Save the dates of the following hemp trade fairs around Europe this year as to not miss a chance to hemp network around! GreenSnake® hemp juice will be around!

Mary Jane Berlin – 27th-29th May 2016Bildschirmfoto 2016-05-16 um 13.37.40.png

Mary Jane Berlin will take place between the 27th and 29th May 2016 in Berlin at Postbahnhof.

Over 100 exhibitors will be at the trade fair, including food stalls, medical talks, live music and entertainment.

Ticket prices range from 10€ – 30€ for 1/2/or 3 day tickets.


Cannabis XXL Munich 8th-10th July


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Cannabis XXL, taking place 8th until 10th July 2016 in Munich, Germany at Zenith Munich.

Focus will be on food, building material, paper, textiles, cosmetics, energy, medical etc.

CannaTrade Zurich 2nd- 4th September 2016

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CannaTrade Zurich will take place 2nd – 4th September 2016 in Zurich at Stadthalle Dietikon.

1 day tickets are 17€ and 3 day tickets go for 35€.

An exhibitor list can be found here.

Cultiva Vienna 7th-9th October 2016

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Cultiva in Vienna, Austria, 7th until 9th October 2016 at Eventpyramide Vienna.

Day tickets are 15€ and 3 day tickets are 30€.

Exhibitor map can be found here.

Canna Berlin 30th October – 1st November 2016

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The first Canna Berlin will take place at Arena Berlin 30th October – 1st November 2016.

Unfortunately the event organisers had to reschedule the event which was initially going to take place in April 2016.

Ticket prices range from 10€ early bird day tickets to 3-day tickets for 25€

CannaFest Prague 6th-8th November 2016

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CannaFest Prague will take place 6th until 8th November in Prague, Czech Republic.

The trade fair runs for the sixth time this year.

1 day tickets are 8€ and 3 day tickets are 15€.

Spannabis Barcelona  11th-13th March 2016 Bildschirmfoto 2016-05-16 um 13.39.47.png

Another big one is the Spannabis in Barcelona, Spain, which already took place in March this year, so you will have to wait until 2017 for a hemptastic trip to Barcelona.

We look forward to meeting as many of you as possible at the hemp trade fairs this year!

GreenSnake® Hemp Juice is spreading the message about our ultra high CBD levels of 300mg CBD per 100ml serving of our GreenSnake® Hemp Juice!

Get in touch if you would like to schedule a meeting with us at one of the trade fairs:

Happy Hemping everyone!

Cannabis als Medizin – der Kurs

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Das Hanfjournal hat einen informativen Artikel mit dem Titel “Der Kurs zu Cannabis als Medizin – Teil 1” veröffentlicht, in dem Dr. med. Grotenhermen die medizinisch wirksamen Bestandteile von Cannabis zusammengefasst hat.

Falls Ihr also irgendwelche Fragen haben solltet, schaut Euch den Artikel an und er wird Euch hoffentlich helfen Licht ins Dunkel zu bringen.

Beispielsweise erklärt Dr.med. Grotenhermen CBD wie folgt:

 “Cannabidiol ist das häufigste Cannabinoid im Faserhanf und in Drogenhanfsorten oft das zweithäufigste Cannabinoid nach THC. CBD verursacht keine cannabistypischen psychischen Wirkungen. Es besitzt beispielsweise antiepileptische, angstlösende, antipsychotische und weitere Eigenschaften, die medizinisch genutzt werden können.”


Deshalb lieben wir unseren GreenSnake® Hanfsaft, denn er ist voll mit CBD, 300mg CBD pro 100ml GreenSnake® Hanfsaft!


Happy hemping!

Hemp CBD product for cancer treatment approved by Brazilian government

#Hemptastic news everyone!

A CBD hemp product for cancer treatment has been approved by the Brazilian government as reported by Natural News.

The product is also approved as a prescription medication for the following by the Brazilian government: epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and chronic pain.

This is a breakthrough which will only be the beginning of the #hemprevolution.

ECannabis reports that the product by Medical Marijuana, Inc. is called Real Scientific Hemp Oil™ (RSHO™). According to ECannabis “it will be imported as a prescription medication for cancer” and the Brazilian government “is subsidizing its cost under the Brazilian federal government’s heath care system.”

Stuart W. Titus, PhD and Chief Executive Officer of Medical Marijuana, Inc. says “Brazil is a shining example of how a national government has responded to humanitarian interests and has swiftly and diligently passed favorable legislation on behalf of the health and well-being of its people – children in particular.”

We are excited to see policy and law changes such as this one taking place.


Happy hemping everyone!